Final Thoughts on Land Depreciation. Depreciation is an important calculation in accounts. The amount, which is deducted from the value of any tangible asset in cash flow or a balance sheet at any point in time, can be claimed as a non-taxable item. The Statement of Cash Flows, or Cash Flow Statement (CFS), provides an accounting of the Cash being generated by a business, and the uses of that Cash, over a period of time. The CFS shows how Net Income (from the Income Statement) and changes in Balance Sheet items affect a company’s Cash balance. Accumulated Depreciation (Balance Sheet) Every accounting period, depreciation of asset charged during the year is credited to the Accumulated Depreciation account until the asset is disposed. Accumulated depreciation is subtracted from the asset's cost to arrive at the net book value that appears on the face of the balance sheet. Accumulated depreciation is the other part of recording depreciation correctly. As equipment depreciates, depreciation expense is recorded. Accumulated depreciation is simply the running balance of depreciation that has accumulated against the value of the equipment. So accumulated depreciation on the balance sheet just reduces the book value of the equipment. Depreciation is the process of accounting for the costs of wear and tear on an asset on a company's financial statements. Companies use different methods to determine annual depreciation expense, which reduces an asset's value on the balance sheet and is recorded as an expense on the income statement.