The working capital ratio transforms the working capital calculation into a comparison between current assets and current liabilities. Formula The working capital ratio is calculated by dividing current assets by current liabilities. C1 – the nature, importance and elements of working capital C2a – explain the cash operating cycle and the role of accounts payable and accounts receivable’ and C2b – explain and apply relevant accounting ratios. Working capital management is a core area of the syllabus and can form part, or ... ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article provides an overview on the operating cycle approach of working capital requirement. The traditional approach towards projection of working capital requirement of a firm is the ‘Balance Sheet Approach’. Conversely, a decline of this ratio indicates less working capital needed. Formula. The formula for determining the operating cycle in days is expressed as follows: Operating Cycle = Production Cycle + Days of Sales Outstanding. or. Operating Cycle = Days of Sales in Inventory + Days of Sales Outstanding What is the risk and profitability for permanent working capital when financed with long term debt? Medium Equals the resources the firm must have to continue operating in the short run if it must liquidate all of its current liabilities In growth financings, tightening the working capital cycle can provide a cheap and quickly accessed source of funding. In both M&A and growth financing, optimizing the working capital cycle and assuring efficient use of this capital will increase the value of the business by decreasing or minimizing the capital required to fund the operating cycle.